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Essays on Public Good Game Experiments

Pizziol, Veronica (2023) Essays on Public Good Game Experiments. Advisor: Bilancini, Prof. Ennio. Coadvisor: Nardi, Prof. Chiara . pp. 202. [IMT PhD Thesis]

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Cooperation, i.e., paying a cost to benefit others, is a recurring phenomenon in human interactions and a fundamental prin- ciple of our societies. Hence, it is of great interest to under- stand under what conditions this behavior can be promoted. In the context of public good games and multilevel public goods games, I behaviorally and experimentally investigate if and how cooperation varies along with or as a response to other factors, namely norms, social efficiency, group identity, and risk. First, I find that personal norms, i.e., what one un- conditionally believes to be the right thing to do, have major explanatory power over cooperation than social norms, i.e., what one believes others will do and think is the right thing to do. Moreover, I find that individuals positively react to social efficiency increases related to an upper-level (global) public good. The documented increase in contributions to- ward the global good comes at the expense of the contribu- tions to a lower-level (local) public good, with the total contri- bution remaining unvaried. Furthermore, I obtain evidence that this result is robustly replicated in the context of groups primed with a strong sense of national identity and facing a task framed to recall real-world institutions (national and European Union public budgets). Lastly, I document that the presence of a probability of facing significant losses - whether independent or correlated among group members - does not impact contributing behavior in the public good compared to deterministic scenarios. These results, while building on re- cent cutting-edge experimental literature, suggest interesting avenues for new research.

Item Type: IMT PhD Thesis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
PhD Course: Economics, Networks and Business Analytics
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.13118/imtlucca/e-theses/400
NBN Number: urn:nbn:it:imtlucca-29750
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2023 10:23
URI: http://e-theses.imtlucca.it/id/eprint/400

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